CASPAR DAVID FRIEDRICH

Landscape with the Rosenberg in the Bohemian Mountains

1835

Oil on canvas
Inv. No. 1821

35 × 49 cm

zur  Biographie

Due to a stroke he suffered in 1835, this work by Caspar David Friedrich was never finished. It nonetheless attests to the towering mastery and sensitivity of Romanticism’s most distinguished landscape painter. Unlike the artist’s other mountain landscapes, this little painting has no immediate foreground. The viewer’s gaze lights on a spruce-covered hilltop and leaps from there to the mountain range in the background, which is painted in delicate shades of blue and violet and receives the downward movement of the spatial layer in front of it. Foreground and background combine to produce a continuous topographical relief. There is a mystical, religious quality to Friedrich’s landscapes, illustrated here by the mountain range with its three peaks, which allude to the Trinity. The artist sees nature as a universal symbol; he transforms a likeness that is close to nature and based on various sketches into a symbol realized with atmosphere and colour.


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