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Städel | Women
Women Artists between Frankfurt and Paris around 1900

10 July 2024–27 Oct 2024

Modernism is unimaginable without the contribution of women artists. In addition to well-known women painters and sculptors such as Louise Breslau, Ottilie W. Roederstein and Marg Moll, many others successfully established themselves in the art world during the period around 1900. Their names included Erna Auerbach, Mathilde Battenberg, Ida Gerhardi, Annie Hopf, Elizabeth Nourse and Louise Schmidt. It’s time to dedicate the first major exhibition to these women artists and to rediscover them.

About the Exhibition

Based in Paris and Frankfurt, they established international networks and supported one another. As influential teachers and art agents, some of them also shaped the history of the Städel Museum and Städelschule. The Städel Museum presents more than 75 paintings and sculptures by 27 women artists, including Eugenie Bandell, Marie Bertuch, Dora Hitz, Inge Dinand and Marie-Louise von Motesiczky. Among them are significant artworks from renowned American and European museums and numerous works from private collections, which are exhibited for the first time. Previously unpublished archival materials accompany the works. Photographs and letters tell of international studio collectives, the strategic importance of professional artist associations, and successes, but also of continual efforts to gain recognition.

Eugenie Bandell, Sun in the Afternoon (Wilhelmsbad), 1913

Eugenie Bandell (1858–1918)
Sun at Noon (Wilhelmsbad), 1913

Marie-Louise von Motesiczky (19061996)
Stockerl, 1926

Louise Schmidt (1855–1924)
Sitzender Knabe (Sonnenanbeter), before 1913

Louise Breslau (1856–1927)
Jeune femme et chrysanthèmes – Portrait of Mina Carlson-Bredberg

Annie Stebler-Hopf (1861–1918)
At the dissecting table (Professor Poirier, Paris), c. 1889

The exhibition turns the spotlight on women artists, who showed great independence by choosing art as a profession, as they were not unique exceptions in a cultural industry dominated by male “artistic geniuses”. A complex picture of the training and working situation faced by women artists in the modern age emerges from the perspective of the networks, spanning from the struggles of the trailblazers in Paris in the 1880s, to the first women sculptors at the Städel art school around 1900, to a young, self-confident generation of women artists involved with the Neues Frankfurt during the 1920s and 1930s. The stylistically very different works show the diversity of women’s positions in art and reflect the time’s radical social and aesthetic upheavals. In their works, these women painters and sculptors deal with subjects like professionalism and friendship, the representation of the human nude and conventional gender roles while commenting on their own situations. They not only took advantage of painting and drawing for this purpose but also made increasing strides into the field of sculpture, reputedly considered the “most masculine” genre in art, due to the physical exertion required as well as its technical and material demands.

Städel Museum Curators
Dr Alexander Eiling (Head of Modern Art)
Eva-Maria Höllerer (Research Associate, Modern Art)
Aude-Line Schamschula (Research Associate, Modern Art)


The exhibition is the outcome of a research project which ties in with the retrospective on the painter Ottilie W. Roederstein (2022). The most important resources in the Roederstein-Jughenn Archive at the Städel Museum are currently being made accessible online.

Ottilie W. Roederstein with her students at the Städel Art Institute, around 1898, photograph, Roederstein-Jughenn Archive in the Städel Museum Frankfurt am Main

Hildegard Lehnert painting en plein air, around 1890, photograph, Roederstein-Jughenn Archive in the Städel Museum Frankfurt am Main


Sponsored by
Gemeinnützige Kulturfonds Frankfurt RheinMain GmbH, Damengesellschaft des Städelschen Museums-Vereins e. V.

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